The Benefit of Agro-forestry

Every farmer should read this post, this topic covers information related to agro-forestry its types limitations and benefits.

Trees play an important role in an ecosystem in all terrestrials and provide a range of products and services to rural and urban people. As natural vegetation is cut for agriculture and other types of development, the benefits that trees provide are best sustained by integrating trees into the agricultural system – a practice known as agroforestry.

Farmers have practiced agroforestry since ancient times. Agroforestry focuses on the wide range of trees grown on farms and other rural areas. Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems involving trees combined with crops and/or animals on the same unit of land. It combines

  • Production of multiple outputs with the protection of the resource base;
  • Places emphasis on the use of multiple indigenous trees and shrubs;
  • Particularly suitable for low-input conditions and fragile environments;
  • It involves the interplay of socio-cultural values more than in most other land-use systems; and
  • It is structurally and functionally more complex than monoculture.

Now let’s see the benefit of agro-forestry

Environment Benefits:

Combining trees with food crops on cropland farms yield certain important environmental benefits, both general ecological benefits and specific on-site benefits. The general ecological benefits include:

  • Reduction of pressure on the forest.
  • More efficient recycling of nutrients by deep-rooted trees on the site.
  • Better protection of ecological systems.
  • Reduction of surface run-off, nutrient leaching, and soil erosion through the impending effect of tree roots and stems of these processes.
  • Improvement of microclimates, such as lowering of soil surface temperature and reduction of evaporation of soil moisture through a combination of mulching and shading.
  • Increment in soil nutrients through addition and decomposition of litter-fall.
  • Improvement of soil structure through the constant addition of organic matter from the decomposed litter.

Image result for agroforestry in nigeria

Economic Benefits:

Agroforestry systems on farmlands bring significant economic benefits to the farmer, the community, the region or the nation. Such benefits may include:

  • The increment in an maintenance of outputs of food, fuelwood, fodder, fertilizer, and timber;
  • Reduction in the incidence of total crop failure, common to single-cropping or monoculture system; and
  • Increase in levels of farm incomes due to improved and sustained productivity.

Social Benefits:

Besides the economic benefits, social benefits occur from the increase in crop and tree product yields and in the sustainability of these products. These benefits include:

  • Improvement in rural living standards from sustained employment and higher incomes;
  • Improvement in nutrition and health due to increased quality and diversity of food outputs; and
  • Stabilization and improvement of upland communities through the elimination of the need to shift sites of farm activities.


1. What is farm forestry?

Farm forestry is the name given to programmes which promote commercial tree growing by farmers on their own farmland. It is defined as the practice of forestry in all its aspects in and the around the farms or village lands integrated with other farm operations.

2. what is extension forestry?

Its the practice of forestry in areaa devoid of tree growth and other vegetation situated in places away from the conventional forest areas with the object of increasing the area under tree growth.

3. what is rehabilitation of degraded forests?

The degraded area under forests needs immediate attention for ecological restoration and for meeting the socio-economic needs of the communities living in and around such a area.

4. what is the recreation of forestry?

Recreation of forestry is the practice of forestry with the object of raising flowering trees and shrubs mainly to serve as recreation forests for  the urban and rural population. This type of forestry is also known as aesthetic forestry which is defined as the practice of forestry with the object of developing or maintaining a forest of high scenic value.

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